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The 5G Network Connectivity – Things You Don’t Know You Can Do With 5G
Rumors about the 5G network connectivity have been surfacing for a couple of months now, but the reality is here. Irrespective of the fact that this network connection has been marred with lots of hypes and controversies, the research and development have started to bear fruit. There’s no doubt that many people still don’t know the use of the 5G network connectivity, nor what they can do with it that is different from the one they’ve been using. But the truth of the matter is that it is 100 times faster than our cellular connection and 10 times faster than our speediest home broadband service. But it’s not just about speed for speed’s sake. So, therefore, in this article, we’ll teach you what you can do with the 5G network connectivity.
In telecommunications, 5G is the fifth generation technology standard for cellular networks, which cellular phone companies began deploying worldwide in 2019, the planned successor to the 4G networks which provide connectivity to most current cellphones. Like its predecessors, 5G networks are cellular networks, in which the service area is divided into small geographical areas called cells. All 5G wireless devices in a cell are connected to the Internet and telephone network by radio waves through a local antenna in the cell. Now read further below in order to see some interesting things which you be able to do with the 5G network connectivity.
Things You Can Do With The 5G Network Connectivity
The good news across the globe is that the 5G network connectivity is actually spreading around at a fast pace. Companies are eager for new tech to spark excitement and connect more devices. It’s the first time the network will be faster than your mind, Ericsson Chief Technology Officer Ulf Ewaldson said in an interview.
- Beyond speed, the biggest benefit of 5G is its low latency or the short lag time between a device pinging the network and getting a response. While not necessarily noticeable, there is a lag with 4G LTE. A 5G network virtually eliminates it, meaning a surgeon may not need to be in the same room as a patient in the future.
- With the 5G network connectivity, you’ll be able to transmit the tactile sensation of experience, enhancing the sights and sounds of a video experience.
- While companies like Google and Uber are investing in self-driving cars now, many in the industry don’t believe a fully autonomous vehicle is possible without a 5G network. The responsive network and ubiquitous coverage mean the cars will be able to use 5G to talk to other cars and sensors built around the city, from street lamps to gas stations.
- Similarly, 5G will unlock the true capability of drones. Lynn Comp, director of market development at Intel, cited the example of a drone flying over an oil drill with a video camera. The network will allow for precise control of the drone while sending back high-definition video.
- If there was any VR at Mobile World Congress, much of it was part of a demonstration of how 5G could enhance the experience, allowing you to chat in real-time with live-streaming virtual worlds.
- With 5G, the networks will be smart enough to offer those guarantees to individuals. Of course, don’t expect it to be cheap.
- The most obvious application of 5G is as a replacement for traditional home internet service. And it’s coming really soon, with Verizon and AT&T already investing in trials in the US.
- Phones will eventually get 5G treatment. Roger Gurnani, the chief information and technology architect for Verizon, teased coming back to Barcelona next year with a 5G phone.
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Highlighting the 5G Network
- The main advantage of the new networks is that they will have greater bandwidth, giving higher download speeds, eventually up to 10 gigabits per second (Gbit/s). Due to the increased bandwidth, it is expected that the new networks will not just serve cellphones like existing cellular networks, but also be used as general internet service providers for laptops and desktop computers, competing with existing ISPs such as cable internet, and also will make possible new applications in the internet of things (IoT) and machine to machine areas. Current 4G cellphones will not be able to use the new networks, which will require new 5G enabled wireless devices.
- The increased speed is achieved partly by using higher-frequency radio waves than current cellular networks. However, higher-frequency radio waves have a shorter range than the frequencies used by previous cell phone towers, requiring smaller cells. So to ensure wide service, 5G networks operate on up to three frequency bands, low, medium, and high. A 5G network will be composed of networks of up to 3 different types of cells, each requiring different antennas, each type giving a different trade-off of download speed vs. distance and service area. 5G cellphones and wireless devices will connect to the network through the highest speed antenna within range at their location.
- Low-band 5G uses a similar frequency range as current 4G cellphones, 600-700 MHz, giving download speeds a little higher than 4G: 30-250 megabits per second (Mbit/s). Low-band cell towers will have a similar range and coverage area to current 4G towers. Mid-band 5G uses microwaves of 2.5-3.7 GHz, currently allowing speeds of 100-900 Mbit/s, with each cell tower providing service up to several miles in radius. This level of service is the most widely deployed and should be available in most metropolitan areas in 2020. Some countries are not implementing low-band, making this the minimum service level.
- High-band 5G currently uses frequencies of 25-39 GHz, near the bottom of the millimeter-wave band, although higher frequencies may be used in the future. It often achieves download speeds of a gigabit per second (Gbit/s), comparable to cable internet. However, millimeter waves (mmWave or mmW) have a more limited range, requiring many small cells. They have trouble passing through some types of walls and windows. Due to their higher costs, current plans are to deploy these cells only in dense urban environments and areas where crowds of people congregate such as sports stadiums and convention centers. The above speeds are those achieved in actual tests in 2020, and speeds are expected to increase during rollout.
- Businesses of all sizes believe 5G will bring them competitive advantages but aren’t entirely clear about its practical applications. Telecommunications service providers know there’s a multi-trillion-dollar opportunity up for grabs, but aren’t sure how to turn faster speeds and increased network intelligence into a share of that potential market.
- Part of the challenge is that traditional network services have been determined by the limits of technology. With 5G, those technical limitations are no longer a barrier, making it possible to do pretty much anything. This means it’s up to service providers and their business customers to pick the use cases that will be most important and profitable for them.
- The ITU-R has defined three main application areas for the enhanced capabilities of 5G. They are Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB), Ultra-Reliable Low Latency Communications (URLLC), and Massive Machine Type Communications (mMTC).
- The only eMBB is deployed in 2020; URLLC and mMTC are several years away in most locations.
- Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB) uses 5G as a progression from 4G LTE mobile broadband services, with faster connections, higher throughput, and more capacity.
- Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency Communications (URLLC) refer to using the network for mission-critical applications that require uninterrupted and robust data exchange.
- Massive Machine-Type Communications (MTC) would be used to connect to a large number of devices, 5G technology will connect some of the 50 billion connected IoT devices.
- Most will use the less expensive Wi-Fi. Drones, transmitting via 4G or 5G, will aid in disaster recovery efforts, providing real-time data for emergency responders.
- Most cars will have a 4G or 5G cellular connection for many services. Autonomous cars do not require 5G, as they have to be able to operate where they do not have a network connection.
- While remote surgeries have been performed over 5G, most remote surgery will be performed in facilities with a fiber connection, usually faster and more reliable than any wireless connection.
- 5G speeds will range from ~50 Mbit/s to over a gigabit. The fastest 5G, known as mmWave. As of July 3, 2019, mmWave had a top speed of 1.8 Gbit/s on AT&T’s 5G network.
- Sub-6 GHz 5G (mid-band 5G), by far the most common, will usually deliver between 100 and 400 Mbit/s but will have a much farther reach than mmWave, especially outdoors.
- 5G NR speed in sub-6 GHz bands can be slightly higher than the 4G with a similar amount of spectrum and antennas, although some 3GPP 5G networks will be slower than some advanced 4G networks, such as T-Mobile’s LTE/LAA network, which achieves 500+ Mbit/s in Manhattan and Chicago.
- The 5G specification allows LAA (License Assisted Access) as well, but LAA in 5G has not yet been demonstrated. Adding LAA to an existing 4G configuration can add hundreds of megabits per second to the speed, but this is an extension of 4G, not a new part of the 5G standard.
- The similarity in terms of throughput between 4G and 5G in the existing bands is because 4G already approaches the Shannon limit on data communication rates.
- 5G speeds in the less common millimeter wave spectrum, with its much more abundant bandwidth and shorter range, and hence greater frequency reusability, can be substantially higher.
- In 5G, the “air latency” in equipment shipping in 2019 is 8–12 milliseconds. The latency to the server must be added to the “air latency” for most comparisons. Verizon reports the latency on its 5G early deployment is 30 ms: Edge Servers close to the towers can reduce latency to 10–20 ms; 1–4 ms will be extremely rare for years outside the lab.
- Initially, the term was associated with the International Telecommunication Union’s IMT-2020 standard, which required a theoretical peak download speed of 20 gigabits per second and 10 gigabits per second upload speed, along with other requirements.
- The industry standards group 3GPP chose the 5G NR (New Radio) standard together with LTE as their proposal for submission to the IMT-2020 standard.
- 5G NR can include lower frequencies, below 6 GHz, and higher frequencies (FR2), above 24 GHz. However, the speed and latency in early FR1 deployments, using 5G NR software on 4G hardware (non-standalone), are only slightly better than new 4G systems, estimated at 15 to 50% better.
- The first phase of 3GPP 5G specifications in Release-15 is scheduled to complete in 2019. The second phase in Release-16 is due to be completed in 2020.