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Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) | All you Need to Know About Covid-19

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) | All you Need to Know About Covid-19

The Coronavirus disease 2019 is the most deadly pandemic on planet earth that has caused lots of havoc across the globe. Currently about 1.49 million+ cases have been recorded so far with about 88,000+ deaths according to the global figure. Tagged “Covid-19” by scientists which stands for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (which is the year it started) back in China. The name coronavirus comes from the Latin word corona, meaning crown or halo. Under an electron microscope, the virus looks like it is surrounded by a solar corona.

Although efforts have been made to determine where exactly this disease originated from the Chinese health organization, but it’s known as of now that this disease originated from a market in Wuhan, China. This is a place where wildlife has been traded illegally for several years, meaning that the virus could have spread from an infected animal species to human through illegally-trafficked pangolins, which are prized in Asia for food and medicine.

As stated by the WHO, Coronaviruses are species of viruses which causes illness from common cold to more severe diseases such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). SARS, for instance, was transmitted from civet cats to humans while MERS moved to humans from a type of camel. Continue reading this post because you have lots to catch-up on the deadly Coronavirus Disease 2019.

More Highlights on Coronavirus Disease 2019

I know most of you do not actually know why Coronavirus disease 2019 was tagged “Deadly”. Currently, the death toll and number of cases been recorded from Coronavirus have already surpassed the 2002-2003 SARS outbreak, which also originated in China. SARS killed about 9% of those it infected at about 800 people worldwide and more than 300 in China alone. According to WHO, Coronavirus is more widespread than SARS in terms of case numbers, but the mortality rate remains considerably lower at approximately 3.4%. Thousands of people are currently being treated but may go on to die – so the death rate could be higher. But it may also be lower if lots of mild cases are unreported.

With many cases been reported, efforts have been made to get a vaccine by the health sector across several countries of the globe. Since March 16, more cases were registered outside mainland China than inside, marking a new milestone in the spread of the global pandemic. 

Over the past few months, there have been lots of reported cases on Covid-19 around the globe. Having started in Asia (China in particular), this pandemic has continued to spread outside the shores of the Asian country to different continents of the world and has affected about 170 + countries in the world. Asia has about 20+ affected by this virus including the continent’s most popular countries; Japan, Australia, United Arab Emirates, Thailand, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Indonesia, Singapore, etc.

From Asia, the disease has increased even further to Europe, which has become the most affected continent in terms of number of cases and the death toll recorded over the past few months. Most especially, Italy and Spain has continued to suffer tremendously from this deadly virus which has killed over thousands of the countries citizens and about huge amount of cases been recorded in both countries. Other popular countries in Europe been affected apart from Italy and Spain are; United Kingdom (where the Prime Minister Boris Johnson even tested positive to the virus), others are Germany, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Portugal, Poland, Switzerland, Sweden, Finland, Ireland, Iceland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, etc, totaling to about 40+ countries.

Then from Europe it spread to the American continents (Northern & Southern). On the Northern part, the United States of America (USA) continues to dominate in terms of number of cases recorded especially in one of the most popular states of the nation (New York). The state of has continued to record major cases in the country on daily basis over the past few weeks. Not only in US, other Northern American countries like; Canada, Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama, etc have also had their own cases of the pandemic. Then as for the Southern part of America, country like Brazil as of recent has continued to record major cases in numbers. Other countries in this continent are; Bolivia, Argentina, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru, etc.

The latest continent to have witnessed the spread of this virus is Africa. Although being the latest, about 52+ countries have falling victim to the deadly virus. Countries like South Africa, Egypt, Morocco, and Algeria continues to lead in terms of number of cases. But the fact is that in as much as the fact that there are large numbers of countries affected in the continent compared to others, the continent boasts the number of fewest cases around the world. Aside from the countries listed above, other popular countries that have cases reported in Africa are; Cameroon, Ghana, Tunisia, Ivory Coast, Senegal, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Niger, Mali, Togo, Benin Republic, Tanzania, Zambia, Uganda, Congo, Zimbabwe, Libya, Sudan, Angola, Guinea, etc.

Notwithstanding, these countries has continued to try hard in order to fight the pandemic in their respective countries. Some measures have also been taken by these countries in order to curb this virus. These countries have closed their borders respectively; the virus continues to spread within. Other preventive measures from these countries are; proper sensitization of the environment, total lock-down of populated places for self-isolation, educating the populace on personal hygiene and social distancing.

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How to Contact Covid-19

Currently, the most effective way to contact the disease is through human-to-human transmissions. The most cases been reported across the world has been through human contacts. Coronavirus spreads when an infected person coughs or sneeze small droplets packed with the virus into the air. These can be breathed in, or cause an infection if you touch a surface they have landed on, then your eyes, nose or mouth. If you cough and sneeze into tissues, not touching your face with unwashed hands, and avoiding close contact with infected people are important.

The most important thing is for you to wash your hands regularly with soap and water, or to use hand sanitizers on your hands always. In as much as the fact that there’s no vaccine yet, most countries have introduced a series of sweeping measures to slow the spread of the coronavirus, including nationwide lock-downs, bans on gatherings, closure of schools, restaurants, bars and sports clubs, as well as issuing mandatory work-from-home decrees. International airlines around most countries of the world have been canceled, thereby banning non-citizens from entering and also evacuations which has commenced already.

Coronavirus Symptoms

There are two main symptoms of Coronavirus disease; fever and a dry cough, which can sometimes lead to breathing problems. This in turn makes it very difficult for the lung. If you continue coughing a lot for more than you usually have a cough, sore throat, headache, diarrhea, then know that you’re on a danger zone. Having a fever temperature above 37.8C can be detrimental. This can make you feel warm, cold or shivery. In more severe cases, it can lead to pneumonia, multiple organ failure and even death.

According to WHO, it takes about 5 or more days for someone to start showing symptoms of Coronavirus. Current estimates of the incubation period – the time between infection and the onset of symptoms – range from one to 14 days. Most infected people show symptoms within five to six days. However, patients that are infected can also be asymptomatic, meaning that they may not show any symptoms despite having the virus in their systems. So it is advisable to isolate yourself for at least 14 days if you start showing mild symptoms.

Although some of you might be wondering why you need to go to hospital without the vaccine been available, but it is very necessary because the main reason people need hospital treatment is difficulty breathing. Doctors may scan the lungs to see how badly they are affected and give support, such as oxygen or ventilation. Patients with Coronavirus will recover after rest and pain relief with paracetamol. Patients will get oxygen support with the use of a face-mask, or a tube in the nose. The most effective way for the time being for patients through ventilation where air and increased levels of oxygen, is pushed into the lungs via a tube in the mouth, nose or through a small cut in the throat.

Important tip

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it is noteworthy that older people that contacted the pandemic are at a danger zone if they contact Covid-19. And also those with existing medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure), are more likely to become severely ill. Men are at slightly higher risk of dying from the virus than women.

Not only those, according to the European Union agency for disease smokers are equally prone to this disease, meaning that if you’re a smoker and contracts Covid-19 there’s absolutely a high tendency for you to lose your life because of threat to the immune system. This comes in terms with breathing complications caused by the disease.

The ECDC report also said smoking was associated with heightened activity in the lungs of an enzyme, ACE2, that could make patients more vulnerable to COVID-19, according to Dr. Guoshuai Cai, from the University of South Carolina. The agency cited a study by Chinese doctors which on a sample of 99 patients affected by the Coronavirus found that acute smokers were more at risk of dying than elderly people.

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